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Shinjuku City Official Website > Foreign Language Top Page > Insurance, Health Maintenance and Welfare > Pension System

Pension System

Section in charge: Shinjuku Pension Office, or Pension Section, Medical Insurance and Pension Division, Shinjuku City Office

●National Pension Plan
This is a pension plan managed by the national government to support the lives of the aged, disabled, and bereaved. Everyone between 20 and 59 years of age who lives in Japan is obliged by law to enroll in National Pension.

●Pension Plan Holders
Residents of Japan who are between 20 and 59 years of age

●How to Join the Pension System
Please follow procedures in the city where you are registered as a resident. Please note that those working for a Japanese company are obliged to enroll in the Employees’ Pension Insurance, so they do not have to enroll in the National Pension Plan. Enrollment procedures for the employee pension system are carried out by the company.

●How to Pay the Premium
When you enroll in the National Pension Plan, the local pension office will send you a pension notebook and a payment slip. Please pay as indicated on the slip.

●Basic Pension for the Elderly
You are entitled to receive this pension from the age of 65 if the combination of the period you paid the premium for the National Pension Plan and the period you were exempted from paying it totals ten years or more.

●Basic Pension for the Disabled
You are entitled to receive the basic pension for the disabled if you become disabled through illness or injury and undergo your first examination before your twentieth birthday, or while you are enrolled in the National Pension Plan. Complete payment of pension premiums is a requirement.

●Basic Pension for the Bereaved
If a National Pension Plan member passes away, the wife and child, husband and child or child of the deceased is entitled to receive the basic pension for the bereaved if the member had been paying the premium.

●If You Leave Japan
If you are not living in Japan when you become entitled to receive the pension, it will be sent to you.

●Lump Sum Withdrawal Payment System
To receive a Basic Elderly Pension, Basic Disability Pension or Basic Bereaved Family Pension, you must pay pension premiums for a designated period. There is a Lump-Sum Withdrawal Benefit program for short-term foreign residents who return to their home country without fulfilling the recipient eligibility period. A lump-sum benefit is paid upon request within two years of leaving Japan if you have paid pension premiums for more than six months.

●Social Security Agreement
Japan has closed the Social Security Agreement with several countries to prevent people from joining several pension systems simultaneously and to help them receive the pension they have paid for.
As of August 2018, Japan has signed agreements with Germany, Britain, South Korea, the United States, Belgium, France, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands, Spain, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Brazil, Switzerland, Hungary, India, Luxembourg, and Philippines.
Please see the website of the Japan Pension Service for other details of the present situation.

URL: www.nenkin.go.jp/

April 1, 2019